This book is a theoretical study work on resources and the environment economy and sustainable development. The book collects a part of author’s research papers published in international academic journal and lectured at international conferences,and includes his recent research results and unpublished study papers. This book is divided into 7 chapters, consists of 14 research papers. The book covers the theory and application of resources and the environment economy, agriculture policy and eco-agriculture, the environment and industrial development, the environment and trade,environment and energy, low-carbon economy and sustainable development. This book contains both theoretical exploration and empirical research and it can provide a reference for research scholars, for students provide cases study.